Research shows that the most successful readers and spellers start with a Synthetic Phonics approach.
Synthetic Phonics is a strange, technical name that has nothing to do with being artificial! It is the synthesising or blending of sounds to make a word and enable children to read. It’s so effective, that the methodology underpinning it, forms the core of the UK, USA and Australian government’s literacy curriculum!
The process of reading involves decoding or ‘breaking’ words into separate sounds, which can then be blended together to read an unknown word. Children tackle each word with four steps.
The process of spelling involves the opposite method to reading. It requires children to identify the sounds in a word and then to match a letter with that sound, to essentially ‘make’ the word. This takes a five step process: